Re-design of the original gocryptfs code to work as a library.
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[![gocryptfs](]( [![Build Status](]( ![MIT License](
An encrypted overlay filesystem written in Go.
Official website:
gocryptfs is built on top the excellent
[go-fuse]( FUSE library and its
LoopbackFileSystem API.
This project was inspired by EncFS and strives to fix its security
issues while providing good performance
For details on the security of gocryptfs see the
[Security]( design document.
All tags from v0.4 onward are signed by the *gocryptfs signing key*.
Please check [Signed Releases](
for details.
7 years ago
Current Status
gocryptfs has reached version 1.0 on Jul 17, 2016. It has gone through
hours and hours of stress (fsstress, extractloop.bash) and correctness
testing (xfstests). It is now considered ready for general consumption.
The old principle still applies: Important data should have a backup.
Also, keep a copy of your master key (printed on mount) in a safe place.
This allows you to access the data even if the gocryptfs.conf config
file is damaged or you lose the password.
Linux is gocryptfs' native platform.
Experimental Mac OS X support is available, check out
[ticket #15]( for
For Windows, an independent C++ reimplementation has been started:
gocryptfs comes with is own test suite that is constantly expanded as features are
added. Run it using `./test.bash`. It takes about 1 minute and requires FUSE
as it mounts several test filesystems.
The `stress_tests` directory contains stress tests that run indefinitely.
In addition, I have ported `xfstests` to FUSE, the result is the
[fuse-xfstests]( project. gocryptfs
passes the "generic" tests with one exception, results: [](Documentation/
A lot of work has gone into this. The testing has found bugs in gocryptfs
as well as in the go-fuse library.
7 years ago
7 years ago
7 years ago
$ go get
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$ mkdir cipher plain
$ $GOPATH/bin/gocryptfs -init cipher
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$ $GOPATH/bin/gocryptfs cipher plain
See the [Quickstart]( page for more info.
The [](Documentation/ containes a description of available command-line options.
If you already have gocryptfs installed, run `./MANPAGE-render.bash` to bring up the rendered manpage in
your man pager (requires pandoc).
Storage Overhead
* Empty files take 0 bytes on disk
* 18 byte file header for non-empty files (2 bytes version, 16 bytes random file id)
* 32 bytes of storage overhead per 4kB block (16 byte nonce, 16 bytes auth tag)
[](Documentation/ contains a more detailed description.
7 years ago
Since version 0.7.2, gocryptfs is as fast as EncFS in the default mode,
and significantly faster than EncFS' "paranoia" mode that provides
a security level comparable to gocryptfs.
gocryptfs uses OpenSSL through a thin wrapper called `stupidgcm`.
This provides a 4x speedup compared to Go's builtin AES-GCM
implementation - see [](Documentation/
for details. The use of openssl can disabled on the command-line.
Run `./benchmark.bash` to run gocryptfs' canonical set of
benchmarks that include streaming write, extracting a linux kernel
tarball, recursively listing and finally deleting it. The output will
look like this:
$ ./benchmark.bash
linux-3.0.tar.gz 100%[==========================>] 92,20M 2,96MB/s in 35s
2016-05-04 19:29:20 URL:
WRITE: 131072000 bytes (131 MB) copied, 1,43137 s, 91,6 MB/s
UNTAR: 23.25
LS: 1.75
RM: 4.42
v1.1, 2016-10-19
* **Add reverse mode ([#19](**
* AES-SIV (RFC5297) encryption to implement deterministic encryption
securely. Uses the excellent
[jacobsa/crypto]( library.
The corresponding feature flag is called `AESSIV`.
* New command-line options: `-reverse`, `-aessiv`
* Filesystems using reverse mode can only be mounted with gocryptfs v1.1
and later.
* The default, forward mode, stays fully compatible with older versions.
Forward mode will keep using GCM because it is much faster.
* Accept `-o foo,bar,baz`-style options that are passed at the end of
the command-line, like mount(1) does. All other options must still
precede the passed paths.
* This allows **mounting from /etc/fstab**. See
[#45]( for details.
* **Mounting on login using pam_mount** works as well. It is
[described in the wiki](
* To prevent confusion, the old `-o` option had to be renamed. It is now
called `-ko`. Arguments to `-ko` are passed directly to the kernel.
* New `-passfile` command-line option. Provides an easier way to read
the password from a file. Internally, this is equivalent to
`-extpass "/bin/cat FILE"`.
* Enable changing the password when you only know the master key
v1.0, 2016-07-17
* Deprecate very old filesystems, stage 3/3
* Filesystems created by v0.6 can no longer be mounted
* Drop command-line options `-gcmiv128`, `-emenames`, `-diriv`. These
are now always enabled.
* Add fallocate(2) support
* New command-line option `-o`
* Allows to pass mount options directly to the kernel
* Add support for device files and suid binaries
* Only works when running as root
* Must be explicitely enabled by passing "-o dev" or "-o suid" or "-o suid,dev"
* Experimental Mac OS X support. See
[ticket 15#]( for details.
v0.12, 2016-06-19
* Deprecate very old filesystems, stage 2/3
* Filesystems created by v0.6 and older can only be mounted read-only
* A [message](
explaining the situation is printed as well
* New command line option: `-ro`
* Mounts the filesystem read-only
* Accept password from stdin as well ([ticket #30](
v0.11, 2016-06-10
* Deprecate very old filesystems, stage 1/3
* Filesystems created by v0.6 and older can still be mounted but a
is printed
* See [ticket #29]( for details and
join the discussion
* Add rsync stress test "pingpong-rsync.bash"
* Fix chown and utimens failures that caused rsync to complain
* Build release binaries with Go 1.6.2
* Big speedup for CPUs with AES-NI, see [ticket #23](
v0.10, 2016-05-30
* **Replace `spacemonkeygo/openssl` with `stupidgcm`**
* gocryptfs now has its own thin wrapper to OpenSSL's GCM implementation
called `stupidgcm`.
* This should fix the [compile issues](
people are seeing with `spacemonkeygo/openssl`. It also gets us
a 20% performance boost for streaming writes.
* **Automatically choose between OpenSSL and Go crypto** [issue #23](
* Go 1.6 added an optimized GCM implementation in amd64 assembly that uses AES-NI.
This is faster than OpenSSL and is used if available. In all other
cases OpenSSL is much faster and is used instead.
* `-openssl=auto` is the new default
* Passing `-openssl=true/false` overrides the autodetection.
* Warn but continue anyway if fallocate(2) is not supported by the
underlying filesystem, see [issue #22](
* Enables to use gocryptfs on ZFS and ext3, albeit with reduced out-of-space safety.
* [Fix statfs](, by @lxp
* Fix a fsstress [failure](
in the go-fuse library.
v0.9, 2016-04-10
* **Long file name support**
* gocryptfs now supports file names up to 255 characters.
* This is a forwards-compatible change. gocryptfs v0.9 can mount filesystems
created by earlier versions but not the other way round.
* Refactor gocryptfs into multiple "internal" packages
* New command-line options:
* `-longnames`: Enable long file name support (default true)
* `-nosyslog`: Print messages to stdout and stderr instead of syslog (default false)
* `-wpanic`: Make warning messages fatal (used for testing)
* `-d`: Alias for `-debug`
* `-q`: Alias for `-quiet`
v0.8, 2016-01-23
* Redirect output to syslog when running in the background
* New command-line option:
* `-memprofile`: Write a memory allocation debugging profile the specified
v0.7.2, 2016-01-19
7 years ago
* **Fix performance issue in small file creation**
* This brings performance on-par with EncFS paranoia mode, with streaming writes
significantly faster
* The actual [fix](
is in the go-fuse library. There are no code changes in gocryptfs.
v0.7.1, 2016-01-09
* Make the `build.bash` script compatible with Go 1.3
* Disable fallocate on OSX (system call not availabe)
* Introduce pre-built binaries for Fedora 23 and Debian 8
v0.7, 2015-12-20
* **Extend GCM IV size to 128 bit from Go's default of 96 bit**
* This pushes back the birthday bound to make IV collisions virtually
* This is a forwards-compatible change. gocryptfs v0.7 can mount filesystems
created by earlier versions but not the other way round.
* New command-line option:
* `-gcmiv128`: Use 128-bit GCM IVs (default true)
v0.6, 2015-12-08
* **Wide-block filename encryption using EME + DirIV**
* EME (ECB-Mix-ECB) provides even better security than CBC as it fixes
the prefix leak. The used Go EME implementation is which is, as far as I know, the first
implementation of EME in Go.
7 years ago
* This is a forwards-compatible change. gocryptfs v0.6 can mount filesystems
created by earlier versions but not the other way round.
* New command-line option:
* `-emenames`: Enable EME filename encryption (default true)
v0.5.1, 2015-12-06
* Fix a rename regression caused by DirIV and add test case
* Use fallocate to guard against out-of-space errors
v0.5, 2015-12-04
* **Stronger filename encryption: DirIV**
* Each directory gets a random 128 bit file name IV on creation,
stored in `gocryptfs.diriv`
* This makes it impossible to identify identically-named files across
* A single-entry IV cache brings the performance cost of DirIV close to
zero for common operations (see performance.txt)
* This is a forwards-compatible change. gocryptfs v0.5 can mount filesystems
created by earlier versions but not the other way round.
* New command-line option:
* `-diriv`: Use the new per-directory IV file name encryption (default true)
* `-scryptn`: allows to set the scrypt cost parameter N. This option
can be used for faster mounting at the cost of lower brute-force
resistance. It was mainly added to speed up the automated tests.
v0.4, 2015-11-15
* New command-line options:
* `-plaintextnames`: disables filename encryption, added on user request
* `-extpass`: calls an external program for prompting for the password
* `-config`: allows to specify a custom gocryptfs.conf path
* Add `FeatureFlags` gocryptfs.conf paramter
* This is a config format change, hence the on-disk format is incremented
* Used for ext4-style filesystem feature flags. This should help avoid future
format changes. The first user is `-plaintextnames`.
* On-disk format 2
v0.3, 2015-11-01
* **Add a random 128 bit file header to authenticate file->block ownership**
* This is an on-disk-format change
* On-disk format 1
v0.2, 2015-10-11
* Replace bash daemonization wrapper with native Go implementation
* Better user feedback on mount failures
v0.1, 2015-10-07
* First release
* On-disk format 0